May. 15, 2020
Functions of symbols
The functions symbols of pressure balance control valve, and in fact is a function of valve and comprehensive reflection of the structure. It is mainly compared to four aspects:
3.1 initial position of the main spool
The overflow valve is generally used in the work as a pressure regulator and relief valve, only when the pressure is too high, to open the overflow, so in the initial case of the valve oil should be disconnected, the overflow valve for the normally closed valve. Reducing valve for low-pressure branch oil supply, not working in the initial state of the valve oil should be connected, reducing valve is often open valve, only the condition changes, the opening changes. Sequence valve as a pressure switch, not working in the initial state of the valve oil should be disconnected, the sequence valve for the normally closed valve, when there is a pressure signal when the valve eloquence opens.
3.2 signal source of the liquid pressure controlling the action of the main spool
It can be seen from the working principle and graphic symbol (dotted line) that the action of the main spool of the overflow valve is controlled by the pressure before the valve, that is, the oil inlet pressure. The action of the main valve core is affected by the pressure behind the valve, that is, the oil pressure. The action of the sequence valve main spool is also affected by the pressure before the valve, that is, the oil inlet pressure.
3.3 connection structure behind the valve
Overflow valve in order to achieve a smooth overflow relief pressure is the excess oil into the tank, so its outlet should be directly connected to the tank, in order to reduce the backpressure (backpressure can be seen as zero). The pressure-reducing valve is to obtain a stable low-pressure oil, the valve for the low-pressure pipeline will reduce the pressure of the oil provided to the implementation of components. The sequence valve is to realize the sequence action of the executive elements on different branches, so its valve should be a hydraulic branch.
3.4 valve drain mode
Overflow valve oil outlet is through the oil tank, so its guide valve spring cavity and oil leakage can be through the valve body on the channel and oil outlet, do not need to separate the external oil tank, that is, the way of internal oil leakage. And reducing valve and sequence valve after the valve is the branch of oil supply, guide valve drainage must be set up another branch, that is, leakage.
Conclusion: from the above description, it can be concluded that the following methods of identifying three kinds of valves are based on functional symbols:
(1) first, identify which valve is the overflow valve (the oil outlet is connected to the oil tank) from the oil drain mode of the valve; Then the rest of the valve in the valve core is often open pressure reducing valve, valve core is often closed sequence valve.
(2) first, identify which valve is the overflow valve (the oil outlet is connected to the oil tank) from the oil drain mode of the valve; Then the rest of the valve in the main spool side with a dotted line connected to the oil inlet is the sequence valve, the main spool side with a dotted line connected to the oil outlet is the pressure reducing valve.
(3) first, identify which valve is the pressure reducing valve (normally open) from the initial position of the main spool; Then from the valve drain way comparison, the oil outlet directly connected to the oil tank is the overflow valve, after the oil outlet is the oil supply branch is the sequence valve.
Pilot operated relief valve, pilot operated pressure reducing valve, pilot operated sequence valve fault finally show the three pressure control valve core movement is not accurate, so on the analysis of the failure process, the first thing to determine what kind of pressure balance for control valves, considering the function, working principle, and structure of the valve, then according to the fault characteristics of the analysis of the valve core is the change of the location in the valve body, valve mouth opening becomes large or small), in the final analysis, the cause of valve core is in the position, can infer the possibility of resulting in failure of the valve, In order to carry out the detection and implementation of the corresponding troubleshooting for each possible situation.
Pressure Balance Control Valve
Headquarter Add.: SUPCON Park, No.309 Liuhe Road, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, 310053, China.
Tel.: +86 571 8111 9774
Fax: +86 571 8111 9737
E-mail: [email protected]